FairPay Application/Market Segments
(Working Paper in progress)
following is a work-in-progress that seeks to catalog an overview of major market
segments in which FairPay is readily applicable, with some notes as to the
various forms it might take. Initial emphasis is on digital media
content and services.
Details on FairPay for a guide to relevant posts with more detail.
large companies have a broad digital media presence that spans multiple
market segments. Such firms might build a FairPay platform for their
own use, and for use by others, having rich and varied features. Some
of these business are now free, some are paid.
(See blog posts listed by segment below.)
Amazon -- Store, Prime, Affiliates, Payments
Google -- YouTube, Checkout, App Store
Apple -- iTunes Store
News Corp -- MySpace, Wall Street Journal, Hulu, Fox, ...
Newpapers, Magazines, other editorial
These are text-centered publishers, with
ancillary images and video. Most are currently free (typically
ad-supported), but many have
moved to paid freemium models ("soft paywalls"). Some avoid posting content
online for fear of losing print revenue.
The New York Times (basic, plus premium Insider service)
The Wall Street Journal (paid subscription)
Piano platform (free+paid infrastructure for newspapers)
CondeNast Digital (family of magazines, some content free, some not online)
These range from major Internet video sites like
YouTube and Hulu, to specialty sites, to other providers like cable TV
services (with both cable and Internet distribution). Many are
currently free (typically ad-supported), but many are moving to paid models.
Some charge now.
YouTube (Google) (free)
Hulu (free plus paid)
Cable, Telco, and Satellite TV distributors
Music was perhaps the first content business
face the creative destruction of digital media on large scale, and the
industry continues to seek better business models and pricing models (and
contain rampant piracy).
Artists like Radiohead and Amanda Palmer have gone on their own with PWYW pricing experiments,
with modest success. FairPay could transform how music is sold by
labels, and other aggregators, and by artists, possibly through shared indie
Distributors/Aggregators (iTunes, Amazon, Spotify, Rhapsody, Pandora, ...)
Much like music, digital games are also
struggling with pricing and piracy, and have experimented with PWYW. FairPay
could transform how games are sold by distributors, and other aggregators,
and by developers, possibly through shared indie distribution services.
FairPay is also applicable to in-app purshcases.
E-book pricing and business models have been a
subject of continuing contention between distributors, publishers and
authors. FairPay could transform this industry, by making pricing more
flexible, and changing competition from price-based to service/feature based.
Distributors/Aggregators (Amazon, B&N, iTunes, Sony, Google, ...)
Software and Apps
Software and "Apps" have long struggled with
free, paid, and piracy, and have used a cousin of PWYW, Pay-If-You-Want
(shareware, which has a pre-set but voluntary price) with modest success.
The emergence of App Stores has added a new level of
aggregator/distributor and made free an even stronger force. FairPay supports reasonable revenue generation, while offering the low purchase
barriers of free and shareware, and FairPay reputations can be collected
and applied across an App Store to benefit all merchants using the store.
Apps/Widgets (Apple, Google, Verizon, Yahoo, ...)
PC software packages
Software as a Service (SaaS)
services, including Non-profits / Charities
Many Web (and non-Web) services are free, and supported by ads
or are non-profits supported by donations, and many use freemium models.
FairPay is especially well-suited to non-profits, as a way to link
"donations" and "memberships" to value received by users (combined with ability/willingness to
pay). FairPay might potentially enable new hybrids/intermediates of
profit, non-profit, and socially-responsible organizations/enterprises.
This may also include non-Web services promoted/paid via the Web.
Combination offers including a charitable component
Memberships to museums, etc.
Business-to-business services also have
significant issues with pricing for digital products/services, and market
segmentation. These generally involve higher price points for which
FairPay models might involve higher value-at risk, but there are many
opportunities to broaden markets with limited use of FairPay. For
example, academic/scientific publishers that charge very high single copy
rates for articles might use FairPay to expand their market for light-use
segments, including consumers and small businesses. Also for digital
services to SMB segments.
Academic/scientific publishers (Elsevier, McGraw-Hill, IEEE, HBS press,
Payment service providers are well positioned to
add FairPay offer/sale/pricing/reputation services to their payment services
offered to merchants. Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software/infrastructure providers are
also positioned to extend their offerings to support FairPay.
Cross-vendor FairPay reputation services could significantly increase the
power of FairPay reputations.
Credit card services (AmericanExpress, Visa, Mastercard, ...)
Alternative payment services (PayPal, Google Payments, Apple Pay...)
Specialized monetization service providers (TrialPay, JulySystems)
Customer Relationship Management (CRM) and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
Software/infrastructure providers (Zuora, IBM, SAP, Oracle, ...)
While the near-zero marginal cost of digital
products and services is especially suited to FairPay models, physical
products might also benefit. Taht could apply to products with low
marginal cost, or minimum prices could be set to enable use of FairPay for
more costly items. This might also
include products and services that are adjuncts to higher cost
products/services, such as warranty service.
DVD distribution (Netflix. Redbox, ...)
Appliance warranty services (Apple, HP, Sony, Samsung, ...)
Artisanal products (Etsy, ...)
Note: Many of the above businesses have significant instances of
free, freemium, PWYW or similar models that make free an option. Those
businesses might be especially good candidates for experimenting with
FairPay models, since they already incur the risks of no/low payment.
(Working Draft 7/19/10, partial rev 12/14/15)